The Committee on Literary Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences was established in 1960. It became an advisory and consultative body.

The Committee is composed of national members of the Polish Academy of Sciences (including both full and corresponding members), prominent academics representing universities, institutes of the Polish Academy of Sciences and research institutes.

There are the following commissions within the Committee on Literary Studies:

- Editorial Commission

- Commission of Education

- Commission of Polish Studies Abroad

- Commission for Prizes